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linux, mikrotik, macosx

How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache

Written by vaheeD on February 24, 2013
How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache
3 votes, 5.00 avg. rating (96% score)

Under MS-Windows you can use the ipconfig command to flush dns cache.

c:\ ipconfig /flushdns

However, Linux and UNIX provides various ways to flush cache. Linux can run nscd or BIND or dnsmasq as the name service caching daemon. Large and work-group servers may use BIND or dnsmasq as a dedicated caching server to speed up queries.

HowTo: Flush nscd dns cache

Nscd caches libc-issued requests to the Name Service. If retrieving NSS data is fairly expensive, nscd is able to speed up consecutive access to the same data dramatically and increase overall system performance. Just restart nscd:
$ sudo /etc/init.d/nscd restart
# service nscd restart
# service nscd reload
This daemon provides a cache for the most common name service requests. The default configuration file, /etc/nscd.conf, determines the behavior of the cache daemon.

Flush dnsmasq dns cache

dnsmasq is a lightweight DNS, TFTP and DHCP server. It is intended to provide coupled DNS and DHCP service to a LAN. Dnsmasq accepts DNS queries and either answers them from a small, local, cache or forwards them to a real, recursive, DNS server. This software is also installed many cheap routers to cache dns queries. Just restart the dnsmasq service to flush out dns cache:
$ sudo /etc/init.d/dnsmasq restart
# service dnsmasq restart

Flush caching BIND server dns cache

A caching BIND server obtains information from another server (a Zone Master) in response to a host query and then saves (caches) the data locally. All you have to do is restart bind to clear its cache:
# /etc/init.d/named restart
You can also use rndc command as follows flush out all cache:
# rndc restart
# rndc exec
BIND v9.3.0 and above will support flushing all of the records attached to a particular domain name with rndc flushname command. In this example flush all records releated to domain:
# rndc flushname
It is also possible to flush out BIND views. For example, lan and wan views can be flushed using the following command:
# rndc flush lan
# rndc flush wan

A note about Mac OS X Unix users

Type the following command as root user:
# dscacheutil -flushcache
$ sudo dscacheutil -flushcache
If you are using OS X 10.5 or earlier try the following command:
lookupd -flushcache

A note about /etc/hosts file

/etc/hosts act as the static table lookup for hostnames. You need to remove and/or update records as per your requirements under Unix like operating systems:
# vi /etc/hosts
Sample outputs:	localhost	wks01.WAG160N	wks01
# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1     ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters     build	nas01	nas02	nas03


How To Flush Linux / UNIX DNS Cache
3 votes, 5.00 avg. rating (96% score)