vaheeD khoshnouD

linux, mikrotik, macosx

Care and Feeding of iptables

Written by vaheeD on January 7, 2013
4.50 avg. rating (89% score) - 2 votes

Default network diagram for the Linux Firewalls book

#!/bin/sh
#
#############################################################################
#
# File: iptables.sh
#
# Purpose: To build a basic iptables policy with default log and drop rules.
#          This script was written for the book "Linux Firewalls: Attack
#          Detection and Response" published by No Starch Press.
#
# Copyright (C) 2006-2012 Michael Rash ([email protected])
#
# License (GNU Public License):
#
#   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
#   GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
#   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307
#   USA
#
#
#############################################################################
#

IPTABLES=/sbin/iptables
IP6TABLES=/sbin/ip6tables
MODPROBE=/sbin/modprobe
INT_NET=192.168.10.0/24
INT_INTF=eth1
EXT_INTF=eth0

### flush existing rules and set chain policy setting to DROP
echo "[+] Flushing existing iptables rules..."
$IPTABLES -F
$IPTABLES -F -t nat
$IPTABLES -X
$IPTABLES -P INPUT DROP
$IPTABLES -P OUTPUT DROP
$IPTABLES -P FORWARD DROP

### this policy does not handle IPv6 traffic except to drop it.
#
echo "[+] Disabling IPv6 traffic..."
$IP6TABLES -P INPUT DROP
$IP6TABLES -P OUTPUT DROP
$IP6TABLES -P FORWARD DROP

### load connection-tracking modules
#
$MODPROBE ip_conntrack
$MODPROBE iptable_nat
$MODPROBE ip_conntrack_ftp
$MODPROBE ip_nat_ftp

###### INPUT chain ######
#
echo "[+] Setting up INPUT chain..."

### state tracking rules
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j LOG --log-prefix "DROP INVALID " --log-ip-options --log-tcp-options
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

### anti-spoofing rules
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $INT_INTF ! -s $INT_NET -j LOG --log-prefix "SPOOFED PKT "
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $INT_INTF ! -s $INT_NET -j DROP

### ACCEPT rules
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $INT_INTF -p tcp -s $INT_NET --dport 22 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type echo-request -j ACCEPT

### default INPUT LOG rule
$IPTABLES -A INPUT ! -i lo -j LOG --log-prefix "DROP " --log-ip-options --log-tcp-options

### make sure that loopback traffic is accepted
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT

###### OUTPUT chain ######
#
echo "[+] Setting up OUTPUT chain..."

### state tracking rules
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j LOG --log-prefix "DROP INVALID " --log-ip-options --log-tcp-options
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

### ACCEPT rules for allowing connections out
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 21 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 25 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 43 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 4321 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 53 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p udp --dport 53 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p icmp --icmp-type echo-request -j ACCEPT

### default OUTPUT LOG rule
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT ! -o lo -j LOG --log-prefix "DROP " --log-ip-options --log-tcp-options

### make sure that loopback traffic is accepted
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT

###### FORWARD chain ######
#
echo "[+] Setting up FORWARD chain..."

### state tracking rules
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j LOG --log-prefix "DROP INVALID " --log-ip-options --log-tcp-options
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

### anti-spoofing rules
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -i $INT_INTF ! -s $INT_NET -j LOG --log-prefix "SPOOFED PKT "
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -i $INT_INTF ! -s $INT_NET -j DROP

### ACCEPT rules
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p tcp -i $INT_INTF -s $INT_NET --dport 21 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p tcp -i $INT_INTF -s $INT_NET --dport 22 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p tcp -i $INT_INTF -s $INT_NET --dport 25 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p tcp -i $INT_INTF -s $INT_NET --dport 43 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p tcp --dport 80 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p tcp --dport 443 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p tcp -i $INT_INTF -s $INT_NET --dport 4321 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p tcp --dport 53 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p udp --dport 53 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -p icmp --icmp-type echo-request -j ACCEPT

### default LOG rule
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD ! -i lo -j LOG --log-prefix "DROP " --log-ip-options --log-tcp-options

###### NAT rules ######
#
echo "[+] Setting up NAT rules..."
$IPTABLES -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 80 -i $EXT_INTF -j DNAT --to 192.168.10.3:80
$IPTABLES -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 443 -i $EXT_INTF -j DNAT --to 192.168.10.3:443
$IPTABLES -t nat -A PREROUTING -p udp --dport 53 -i $EXT_INTF -j DNAT --to 192.168.10.4:53
$IPTABLES -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s $INT_NET -o $EXT_INTF -j MASQUERADE

###### forwarding ######
#
echo "[+] Enabling IP forwarding..."
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

exit
### EOF ###
4.50 avg. rating (89% score) - 2 votes